Tropical and semi-arid environments in South America, but in the early 19th century the species were intentionally introduced to islands in the Caribbean including Jamaica, as well as Australia.
Cane toads main diet is insects but they are not fussy eaters. They have been known to eat small snakes, frogs, lizards and even mice. They will also eat bees straight out of the hive, dog food out of the bowl and they will eat their own young if necessary.
Cane toads were introduced outside their native habitats as it was thought that the toads would help to control pests of sugar cane, including rats and insects. The negative, destructive impact that the toads have had on native flora and fauna of those areas was not predicted. The density of cane toads in Australia is now higher than that in their native habitat, and they have devastated populations of amphibians and marsupials on the continent.
A female toad can lay up to 25,000 eggs in one go, which will typically take 48 hours to hatch.
Many species prey on the cane toad in its native habitat. These include the broad-snouted caiman and the banded cat-eyed snake. However cane toads are very adaptable, and whilst other frogs and toads are becoming more endangered, cane toads have been very successful. Many of the native predators of countries such as Australia have been negatively affected by cane toads thriving in their habitat.
Cane toads do not need protection, in fact in Australia they have caused such damage that there are national cane toad hunting days, to try and control the species.
- Latin Name: Bufo marinus
- Class: Amphibians
- Order: Anura
- Family: Bufonidae
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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