Black Necked Crowned Crane

Black Necked Crowned Crane
Black Necked Crowned Crane

Black crowned cranes use both wet and dry open habitats, but prefer freshwater marshes and wetter grasslands.

Wild Diet

All cranes are omnivorous. Their main sources of food for these birds are seed heads, small rodents and insects.


This is a sub-species of crowned crane, closely related to the East African crowned crane, and like them they nest in trees. At first glance the black necked crowned crane looks the same as the East African species – and they are very similar apart from the different colour of their plumage.


Females lay a clutch of 2-5 eggs which are incubated by both parents. Both parents guard the nest, and after a month the chicks will hatch. They will then fledge the nest after 60-100 days.


Suffers mainly to the loss and transformation of their native habitat.


Illegal capture and trade for the pet industry is the most serious threat to black crowned cranes. There is an ancient tradition in some West African countries to keep domesticated cranes at household compounds. However, in the past 30 years international trade in the species has accelerated. Other threats facing the black crowned crane are the loss, transformation, and degradation of habitat. Wetlands and grasslands in their native habitat have been devastated by natural forces such as drought, as well as by the human interference. That is why it is really important to form breeding pairs in reputable zoos, to increase the captive population.

Black Necked Crowned Crane Black Necked Crowned Crane


  • Latin Name: Balearica pavonina
  • Class: Birds
  • Order: Gruiformes
  • Family: Gruidae
  • Conservation Status: Vulnerable
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