Ural owls have an extremely broad distribution, across northern Europe, Russia and across to Japan. Their preferred habitat is dense primary forest.
They are carnivores and mostly prefer to take small prey, particularly small mammals.
Ural owls are quiet and secretive, and it is unusual to hear them calling outside of the breeding season. The males will call for a mate using a deep rhythmic sound of ‘hohoo-ho-hohohooo'. This sound resembles the noise made by a tawny owl of which the ural owl is a close relative.
The birds are often considered nocturnal, with peaks of activity at dusk and just before dawn.
Ural owls are monogamous; pairs usually mate for life and maintain a territory for several years. Females lay a clutch of 3-4 pure white and quite rounded eggs, which are then incubated for around 30 days.
In recent history, most decreases in the population of this species have been caused due to removing of hollow and broken trees from forests. Occasionally, these birds are vulnerable to flying into manmade objects, however their numbers are currently stable.
- Latin Name: Strix uralensis
- Class: Birds
- Order: Strigiformes
- Family: Strigidae
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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