Hoffmann's Two-Toed Sloth
This sloth is found in secondary rainforests and deciduous forests in Central America and eastern South America.
Most of the species diet consists of leaves, but they do also eat fruit and flowers.
There are two main types of sloth - the two-toed sloth and the three-toed sloth. The Hoffmann's sloth is of the two toed variety. Each of the feet has long curved claws that are used for gripping onto branches when hanging upside down in the treetops. The claws also act as formidable weapons against predators. The sloth's fingers and toes have grown together into one fold of skin and have consequently lost their function. Due to their upside down lifestyle, the sloth's back muscles are weak in comparison to other mammals, however they do have very strong shoulder, neck, hip, arm & leg muscles.
Gestation lasts between 355 and 377 days, and results in the birth of a single young. Newborn sloth are able to cling to the mother's underside with their long claws. They begin to take solid food at 15 to 27 days, and are fully weaned by 9 weeks.
Habitat destruction and the illegal pet trade are two of the main reasons why the wild population is in rapid decline. Rescue and rehabilitation centres help to care for sloth who have suffered due to the pet trade or the loss of their habitat.
- Latin Name: Choloepus hoffmanni
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Pilosa
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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