Nyala antelope are a shy species which inhabit areas of dense thicket and forest in southern parts of Africa.
They eat shrubs, leaves and grass, spending much of their time grazing.
Upon maturity, young females will usually stay with the herd where as males are driven off by courting bulls. These adult males display to scare off rivals by lifting their tail and heads and a crest of white fur on their back. If this fails, they use their spiralled horns to win the right to females in season.
They have long ears and excellent sense of hearing, but their eyesight is poor, despite having large eyes.
Pregnancy in females lasts 7 months and ends with one calf being born. The baby remains hidden in dense thicket during the first two or three weeks. It depends on the mother's milk until the age of 7 months, but it usually stays close to the mother until the arrival of next baby.
In the past, nyala disappeared from much of their range due to habitat loss caused by farming, over-grazing by cattle, hunting by humans, and rinderpest infection. However, effective habitat protections, species management, and re-introductions of nyala to areas where they had been wiped out have helped the species to bounce back.
- Latin Name: Tragelaphus angasii
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Cetartiodactyla
- Family: Bovidae
- Conservation Status: Least Concern
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