These lynx live in forests. Otherwise known as the carpathian lynx, these cats are native to Europe and Siberia, as well as south and east Asia.
Lynx mainly prey on hares, rabbits, rodents and grouse. When food is scarce they will take on a larger animal, such a roe deer or even a reindeer.
Although part of the small cat family, these shy cats are powerfully built. They are not fast runners but with their ambush style they rarely have to bother – instead leaping metres from the treetops onto the backs of unsuspecting prey. Bears and wolves will steal the lynx’s food and so they hide scraps under foliage and rocks.
Gestation lasts from 67 to 74 days, and results in the birth of from one to four kittens. At birth, lynx kittens weigh 240 to 430 grams (8.5 to 15 oz) and are blind and helpless. They will typically remain with their mother until they are 10 months old.
Natural predators for the Carpathian lynx are wolves, but remains of lynx have been found in the contents of Siberian tigers stomachs. They are also threatened by habitat destruction. The Carpathian mountain range is a popular eco-tourist destination that requires careful management to prevent over-development. Lack of financial resources to enforce existing legislation leads to illegal logging, something which must be monitored to maintain a secure future for the Carpathian lynx.
This lynx was once common throughout Europe, but is now extinct in some areas. There have been some attempts to reintroduce the species to some areas, which have proved successful.
- Latin Name: Lynx lynx carpathica
- Class: Mammals
- Order: Carnivora
- Family: Felidae
- Conservation Status: Vulnerable
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